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decay or the rate of other cumulative changes in atoms resulting from radioactivity. The various isotopes of the same element differ in terms of atomic mass but have the same atomic number..One half-life is the amount of time required for of the original atoms in a sample to decay.This causes them to give off their stored energy in the form of light impulses (photons). A similar effect can be brought about by stimulating the sample with infrared light.The intensity of thermoluminescence is directly related to the amount of accumulated changes produced by background radiation, which, in turn, varies with the age of the sample and the amount of trace radioactive elements it contains..
Wiens has a Ph D in Physics, with a minor in Geology.Over the second half-life, of the atoms remaining decay, which leaves of the original quantity, and so on.In other words, the change in numbers of atoms follows a geometric scale as illustrated by the graph below.other carbon isotopes in the same ratio as exists in the atmosphere.As a result, there is a changing ratio of carbon-14 to the more atomically stable carbon-12 involves actually counting individual carbon-14 atoms.This allows the dating of much older and smaller samples but at a far higher cost.